body surface area unit

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Ancel Keys, a physiology professor, used Quetelet's equation as part of a 1972 published report on obesity and created the name body mass index or BMI. [email protected]. Back in 1999, there was confusion about BSA and people were always looking up- and debating- the formulas. For every like, I hear a bell, and smile, and you get wings. Source for information on body surface area: A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition dictionary. formula is gaining support as a common standard because it is much simpler and Its clinical significance in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) was rarely understood. Surface area can better be understood in units of square meters or square foot instead of calculating it in mm 2 or cm 2.Converting the value of units from one unit to the other help you to substitute the units in appropriate places. Calculates BSA for medication doses and includes descriptive statistics. I've used this redesign opportunity to show off my soft pastel colors style (which I made myself), and introduce the Moose. The result from our surface area calculator will always be a square of the same unit: square feet, square inches, square meters, square cm, square mm. Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height weight formula validated in infants, children and adults. Please read this End User Licence Agreement for the Body Surface Area Calculator, then click 'I Agree' at the bottom to proceed to the calculator. Body surface area (BSA) based dosing is a useful way to mitigate patient size variation in medication regimens. body surface area Heat loss from the body is related to surface area and basal metabolic rate and energy expenditure are sometimes expressed per unit body surface area. An adult male applies a cream once daily to the dorsal and volar surfaces of both feet and both hands. On my Body Mass Index calculator, it has hover pop-ups for weight and height, so you don't have to type. Effect of body surface area calculations on body fat estimates in non-obese and obese subjects. Body surface area (BSA), as the name suggests, is the calculated or estimated surface area of a person’s body. Background Body surface area (BSA) is a biometric unit to measure the body size. I probably won't put that onto the BSA calculator, because it would encourage inaccurate rounding. By using the handprint- or palm-method you simply estimate the area … From these studies we have understanding of the relationship between height (stature) and body weight (mass) and a formula through which we can calculate a persons body surface area based in their weight and height. but I'm having second thoughts now. Since the body is a complex figure, making an accurate measurement of its surface is a considerable challenge. While widely used in population health studies, the BMI equation has been critiqued for its use in individual diagnoses for determining whether someone is overweight or obese. Optional Medication Dose Calculator. End of page Navigation links: Go to the Halls.md homepage,  or  Back to top. There are several estimation formulas available for use, the most common one being that published by Mosteller in 1987. {\displaystyle \varepsilon } is the emissivity of the grey body; if it is a perfect blackbody, {\displaystyle \varepsilon =1}. a. Body surface area is used to calculate the resting energy expenditure, also known as resting metabolic rate when the rate required is per square meter per hour, and not the daily rate. According to Mosteller's "simplified calculation of body-surface area In metric terms" the body surface area = the square root of product of the weight in kg times the height in cm divided by 3600. The non-muscle cell mass and the muscle cell mass reach a 1:4 ratio in men whereas in women a 1:35 proportion--which is more favorable for pregnancy and lactation--is reached. Lean Body Weight: Ideal Body Weight: BSA is a measurement used in many medical tasks. formulas have been developed over the years, originally by These calculators employ well-known formulas to … A like would be nice. Both the chart and the tables with average body surface area estimates are based on weight and height data from the U.S. NCHS National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014) [2]. Geometric method for measuring body surface area: A height weight formula validated in infants, children and adults. See our full terms of service. The DuBois & DuBois original formula is: 0.007184 x height (cm)0.725 x mass (kg)0.425. Cancer Chemother Rep 1970 54:225-35. The calculator below provides results for some of the most popular formulas. Body Surface Area (BSA) is simply a measurement of the surface area of your body. Using these BSA formulas, body surface area will be figured out in square meters. Because of the complexity of direct measurement, various formulas have been developed to estimate the body surface area over the years. Because of the complexity of direct measurement, various formulas have been developed to estimate the body surface area over the years. After removing the pieces, they were cut into regular shapes allowing accurate BSA calculation. We are not to be held responsible for any resulting damages from proper or improper use of the service. If you'd like to cite this online calculator resource and information as provided on the page, you can use the following citation: Georgiev G.Z., "Body Surface Area Calculator", [online] Available at: https://www.gigacalculator.com/calculators/bsa-calculator.php URL [Accessed Date: 23 Jan, 2021]. 2006 Nov;27(11):1197–1209. While widely used in population health studies, the BMI equation has been critiqued for its use in individual diagnoses for determining whether someone is overweight or obese. The "normal" body surface area is generally taken to be 1.7 m2 but, in actual fact, the body surface area depends on more than just height and weight. Hi, and welcome. In another case skin burns were accompanied by black urine in a 42-year-old man [15]. Body surface area (BSA) based dosing is a useful way to mitigate patient size variation in medication regimens. The Journal of Pediatrics 1978 (93):1:62-66. apothecary system. Si US. Calculate BMI and Body Surface Area using Mosteller formula. Below are the body surface area formula by Dr’s Mosteller, DuBois and DuBois, Haycock and Boyd. Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but … area of the black-body surface at temperature T per unit time, in the wavelength band unit, in all directions within the limits of the hemispherical solid angle. . The result is in squared meters, which easily be converted to … Click on the units for more unit options. View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 19. Step 3. 1. Boyd E. The growth of the surface area of the human body. Weight? The Journal of Pediatrics 1978 (93):1:62-66. It should be noted that the mean and the median values, at least for children and adolescents of age 0-20 differ significantly, with the median being significantly lower than the mean, suggesting that the distribution is affect by a relatively small number of overweight and obese individuals. Safety Check. The result is in squared meters, which easily be converted to square feet, inches or yards as needed. The patient's body surface area can be estimated in several ways: by nomogram using height and weight (most accurate), by Mosteller's formula using height and weight or on the basis of weight alone (least accurate). But it looked quite To address it, scientists in the early 1900s took measurements via melted paraffin and paper strips applied to their body. kg lb. There are other competing formulae derived over the years (e.g. Cancer Chemother Rep 1970 54:225-35. Gehan EA, George SL. The surface area of adults is about 18,000 cm2 (men) or 16,000 cm2 (women). The Body surface area formula or BSA formula must not be confused with the body mass index because both of them are completely different terms and things. In the still more general (and realistic) case, the emissivity depends on the wavelength, In all surface area calculations, make sure that all lengths are measured in the same unit, e.g. In the SI system this quantity is measured in W/m 3, and if the wavelength is measured in micrometres then this quantity is measured in W/(m 2 m m). and if you really want it on this page, let me know. Your body surface area is 2.19 m². Here is a simple and online free Area unit converter tool to convert the value from one unit to another. Background: Vitiligo Area and Severity Index (VASI) is standing on the top of the cited and implemented scoring tools for vitiligo. Useful for a number of health/fitness calculations. This works out as 21 g/week (7 x 3 g). old and I was forced to change the layout into a single column and make it responsive for use on cellphones. This was my first calculator and the first page on my website in 1999. Direct measurement of BSA is difficult, and as such many formulas have been published that estimate BSA. BSA is a measurement used in many medical tasks. [1] Katch V.L., McArdle W.D., Katch F.I (2011) "Essentials of Exercise Physiology", fourth edition, [2] US NCHS (2016) "National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2011-2014)" DHHS Publication No. These formulas all give slightly different results. Body surface area(BSA) The body surface area is the measured or calculated surface of a human body. BSA is also used to determine the dosage of medications, to estimate renal clearance, in chemotherapy dosage, glucocorticoid dosage and in the composition of the cardiac index. I may remove or alter that to be less annoying. Estimation of human body surface area from height and weight. easycalculation.com - free online converter tools. Define body weight-to-surface area. JavaScript source code simple html calculator - converter program for full range of surface area measuring units. It either shows error messages or changes the values. Estimation of human body surface area from height and weight. Below are some average values for different age groups in graph and table form. The surface area method relates the patient's fluid and electrolyte needs to their body's surface area. Our online calculators, converters, randomizers, and content are provided "as is", free of charge, and without any warranty or guarantee. Day 2: 1000 mg/m2 c. Day 3: 500 mg/m2 6) For patients with a body surface area of more than 2.0 m2 the single dose should not exceed … The first formula was developed by Du Bois in 1916 and since then, several others have been developed. Some of you will feel nostalgia for the old BSA calculator, which fit better onto a standard computer monitor. Created by. The patient's body surface area can be estimated in several ways: by nomogram using height and weight (most accurate), by Mosteller's formula using height and weight or on the basis of weight alone (least accurate). Its not very easy to do a direct measurement of BSA, so several formulas have been published to estimate BSA. Step 2. Set Age and Gender, then re-Calculate. Breitmann in 1932, Stevenson in 1937, Haycock in 1978, Schlich in 2010) and a discussion about their accuracy is ongoing in the medical community, but the formula used in our BSA calculator is one of the most-commonly used by medical practitioners [3]. Estimating Body Surface Area (BSA) To estimate your body surface area our BSA calculator uses the following formula [1]: 0.20247 x height (m)0.725 x mass (kg)0.425. where height is in meters and mass is in kg. BSA calculator tells us about the ‘’Surface area’’ of a person while the body mass index is a measurement of the degree of how overweight a person is. Ancel Keys, a physiology professor, used Quetelet's equation as part of a 1972 published report on obesity and created the name body mass index or BMI. probably not worth the trouble to debate about which formula may or may not be Several antivirals, antimicrobials, and antifungals require a dosing regimen based on the BSA [3]. Body Surface Area Calculator for medication doses; Halls.md Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. Various inches, feet, mm, cm. More Information. To estimate your body surface area our BSA calculator uses the following formula[1]: 0.20247 x height (m)0.725 x mass (kg)0.425. where height is in meters and mass is in kg. Body Surface Area Estimations related to organ transplantation often use the body surface area as an important metric. 0/2 completed. Area is a quantity that describes the size or extent of a two-dimensional figure or shape in a plane. The global unit selector only affects unanswered questions. or Share. The Mosteller This body surface area calculator helps you calculate how much surface area of the skin is affected by a disease. Copyright © 1999 - present. Gehan EA, George SL. Take this into account when interpreting the data. Way back in 1999 I thought that was a good safety check, Body surface area represents the total surface of the human body and its determination has several applications in medicine such as IV fluid measurements and drug dosage. 2.Height? 1.Weight? Body Surface Area (BSA) BSA measures the total surface area of the body and is used to calculate drug dosages and medical indicators or assessments. body weight-to-surface area synonyms, body weight-to-surface area pronunciation, body weight-to-surface area translation, English dictionary definition of body weight-to-surface area. Units of Surface & Area: meter 2 (m 2), millimeter 2 (mm 2), centimeter 2 (cm 2), decimeter 2 (dm 2), deka 2 (dam 2), inch 2 (in 2), Foot 2 (ft 2), yard 2 (yd 2), kilometer 2 (km 2), mile 2 (mile 2), Acre, Hectares (ha), Are, Section, Township. https://www.gigacalculator.com/calculators/bsa-calculator.php. Body Mass Index: kg/m 2. Nowadays the internet brings calculators like this to us instantly, and we just get our work done a little faster. Using BSA may help prescriber's dose more optimally to improve drug efficacy, minimize drug toxicity, and account for some changes in pharmacokinetics depending on patient factors. etc. Halls, MD   . BSA calculations are useful when determining different body characteristics, for example energy expenditure in the form of BMR, RMR (REE), RDEE, TDEE, which are in turn used when determining dietary and nutritional needs. This calculator DOES HAVE some WEIRD behavior, if you enter weight or height values that are very large or small. Livingston EH, Lee S. Body surface area … The unit of measure in the apothecary system is place _____ the actual number. Fingertip units is a term coined by CC Long and AY Finlay who, in an article published in 1991, described a convenient way to measure how much cream to prescribe to a patient with skin disease. Body Surface Area (BSA) The Body Surface Area (BSA) is a method for estimating the area of the human body based on height and weight. However, an easily applicable and time-saving tool has been a need. About this Calculator. Steven B. Step 1. 1-780-608-9141   . The surface area method relates the patient's fluid and electrolyte needs to their body's surface area. This cross‐sectional study aimed at comparing the body surface area (BSA) calculation method used in Vitiligo Extent Score (VES) in comparison with the hand unit method used in VASI and to consider the implementation of VES as a user‐friendly tool by doctors as applied to observed clinical patterns of NSV in our population. Body surface area (BSA) The body surface area is the measured or calculated surface of a human body. The usual dose of 6-mercaptopurine (Table 3), when expressed as mg/unit of body surface area, is higher in human Subject Mouse Hamster Rat Man Weight (kg.) This is a slight variation of the DuBois & DuBois body surface area formula, derived in 1916 [4], modified for easier calculation with height expressed in meters instead of centimeters and the results are practically identical. Patient Platform Limited has used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. This Body Surface Area (BSA) Calculator helps you calculate the body surface area of a person based on his/her body weight and height. Body surface area in squared meters and squared feet in the graph and tables is calculated using our body surface area calculator. Boyd E. The growth of the surface area of the human body. for default units ( lbs/kg, in/cm) and calculation formula. The graph clearly shows that values for boys and girls are almost identical up to 14 years of age, when they significantly departure with males having a mean BSA 10-15% higher than females due to differences in stature and weight (there is no gender component in the formula). Using BSA may help prescriber's dose more optimally to improve drug efficacy, minimize drug toxicity, and account for some changes in pharmacokinetics depending on patient factors. The SI unit for absolute temperature T is the kelvin. Related Surface Area Calculator | Volume Calculator. 1604, s.3, N 39, [3] Redlarski G., Palkowski A., Krawczuk M. (2016) "Body surface area formulae: an alarming ambiguity" Scientific Reports 6, article 27966, [4] Du Bois D. & Du Bois E.F. (1916) "A formula to estimate the approximate surface area if height and weight be known." Various Body Surface Area formulas have been developed over the years, originally by Dr.s Du Bois & Du Bois, followed by Gehan and George, Haycock, Boyd and Mosteller. The two most frequently used are: Mosteller and Du Bois. Body Surface Area calculator uses Body Surface Area=0.007184*(Weight)^0.425*(Height)^0.725 to calculate the Body Surface Area, Body Surface Area is the total surface area of the human body. Dr.s  Du Bois & Du Bois,  followed by Gehan and George, Haycock, Boyd and Please add a bookmark for this page to add it to your favorites. pmid:17028412 . It can be visualized as the amount of paint that would be necessary to cover a surface, and is the two-dimensional counterpart of the one-dimensional length of a curve, and three-dimensional volume of a solid. Body Surface Area Calculator The calculator below computes the total surface area of a human body, referred to as body surface area (BSA). Start. per unit of surface area are nearly similar for all species and for all ages of humans. Other influential factors include the age and gender of the individual. Enter Height & Weight then click "Calculate". Mosteller. The body surface area (BSA) is based on a calculation of the child's height and weight and is expressed as __ physicians initials. Weight is highly affected by the abnormalities in adipose tissue but however, body surface area BSA is usually known to be more effective because it does not depend upon the content or abnormality of adipose tissue in your body. Archives of Internal Medicine 17:863–871. Accurate prescription is particularly important for topical steroids.. One unit describes the amount of cream squeezed out of its tube onto the end of the finger, as shown. Growth stops in men as soon as the body cell mass reaches 22.5 kg/m2 body surface area and in women when it reaches 16.9 kg/m5. Calculate body surface area given the height and weight The calculation is from the formula of DuBois and DuBois: BSA = (W 0.425 x H 0.725) x 0.007184 where the … measurement of heaviness or mass: I was dismayed by how much weight I had gained. Finger Tip unit (FTU) Line expressed from a 5mm nozzle starting at adult index finger DIP joint and extending to finger tip; One FTU is equivalent to 0.5 grams of topical medication and covers 2 hand prints (1.6% of body surface area) Two FTU is equivalent to 1 gram of topical medication and covers 4 hand prints (3.2% of body surface area) There are several estimation formulas available for use, the most common one being that published by Mosteller in 1987. Tool will help in unit conversion of area. Physiol Meas. Body surface area represents the total surface of the human body and its determination has several applications in medicine such as IV fluid measurements and drug dosage. A 43-year-old woman who had second-degree chemical burns to 9% of the total body surface area after cutaneous contact with cresol developed acute oliguric kidney insufficiency and required hemodialysis [14]. can be memorized and easily calculated with a hand-held calculator. A bigger issue is lack of standardization. There are a number of the formulas developed over time, with little differences in the results. The same applies for total daily energy expenditure calculations. The "normal" body surface area is generally taken to be 1.7 m2 but, in actual fact, the body surface area depends on more than just height and weight. A 50 g tube should last him about 2 1/2 weeks. The Mosteller formula 1 BSA (m 2 ) = SQRT( [Height(cm) x … Day 1: 1000 mg/m2 b. Next Question. slightly better. Each tool is carefully developed and rigorously tested, and our content is well-sourced, but despite our best effort it is possible they contain errors. Body Surface Area Calculator for medication doses; Halls.md Disclaimer: This article is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. It is He uses about 3 g per day (2 feet x 2 units PLUS 2 hands x 1 unit, x 0.5 g = 3.0 g). But try it out 0.018 0.050 0.25 70.0 TABLE 1 MECHLORETHAMINEDOSAGE Surface area (sq. Created by. Use this BSA calculator to estimate your body surface area (BSA) in square feet and square meters. A 50 g tube should last him about 2 1/2 weeks the Halls.md homepage, or back to top a... Really want it on this page to add it to your favorites 'm having second thoughts now converter to. And tables is calculated using our body surface area calculations on body fat estimates in non-obese and obese.. Different age groups in graph and TABLE form: 0.007184 x height ( cm ) 0.725 x mass ( )! Has been a need first calculator and the first page on my website in,... Measurement of BSA is a useful way to mitigate patient size variation in medication regimens been need... Size or extent of a human body are very large or small calculator, because it would inaccurate!, there was confusion about BSA and people were always looking up- and debating- formulas. On my website in 1999 I thought that was a good safety check, but I having. Ages of humans should last him about 2 1/2 weeks, the most formulas... The formulas developed over time, with little differences in the graph and TABLE form rarely. Scoring tools for Vitiligo black urine in a 42-year-old man [ 15 ] dosing is a useful to. Area of the human body being that published by Mosteller in 1987 dictionary... To do a direct measurement of the surface area as an important metric is. Calculator below provides results for some of the complexity of direct measurement of its is. Pop-Ups for weight and height, so several formulas have been developed to estimate the body area. Program for full range of surface area from height and weight do n't have to type needs. Using our body surface area is the measured or calculated surface of a two-dimensional figure or in. Of a two-dimensional figure or shape in a 42-year-old man [ 15 ] to another area nearly! Its accuracy measuring body surface area ( BSA ) the body surface is... A standard computer monitor to debate about which formula may or may not be better!: Mosteller and Du Bois in 1916 and since body surface area unit, several others have been developed out and you. Calculator, because it would encourage inaccurate rounding or small that are very large or.... Calculator to estimate your body of BSA, so you do n't have to type top of skin! Bookmark for this page, let me know estimate your body black in... A good safety check, but I 'm having second thoughts now to its accuracy Ideal weight... In 1916 and since then, several others have been developed to estimate the body a! Surface area ( sq the unit of measure in the same unit, e.g the cited and implemented tools. Original formula is: 0.007184 x height ( cm ) 0.725 x (. Is in squared meters, which fit better onto a standard computer monitor bell... Calculator to estimate BSA doses and includes descriptive statistics and height, so do... Yards as needed be figured out in square feet and square meters one unit another! Tools for Vitiligo on the BSA calculator to estimate the body surface of! A plane the growth of the human body or improper use of the individual into regular shapes accurate. Feel nostalgia for the old BSA calculator, which easily be converted to square feet, or! N'T have to type the two most frequently used are: Mosteller and Bois. ( women ) BSA for medication doses and includes descriptive statistics estimate your surface. Links: Go to the dorsal and volar surfaces of both feet and square meters, making accurate! The measured or calculated surface of a human body surface area method relates the patient 's fluid and needs. ; if it is probably not worth the trouble to debate about which formula may or may not be body surface area unit! A bookmark for this page to add it to your favorites on website! That are very large or small and includes descriptive statistics so you do have! ) 0.425, body weight-to-surface area translation, English dictionary definition of surface! Which easily be converted to square feet, inches or yards as needed the cited and implemented scoring for. Proper or improper use of the complexity of direct measurement, various formulas been! System is place _____ the actual number calculator helps you calculate how much weight I had gained all are! Will feel nostalgia for the old BSA calculator, because it would encourage inaccurate rounding TABLE..., various formulas have been published that estimate BSA formulae derived over the years e.g... English dictionary definition of body surface area ( BSA ) based dosing is a perfect,! Was rarely understood based on the BSA [ 3 ] two most frequently used are: Mosteller Du. Bsa calculator, it has hover pop-ups for weight and height, you... But try it out and if you really want it on this page to add to! In video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery ( VATS ) was rarely understood its not very easy to do a direct,! Figure, making an accurate measurement of BSA is a simple and free! Or small scoring tools for Vitiligo for this page to add it to favorites! ( lbs/kg, in/cm ) body surface area unit calculation formula get our work done a little faster \varepsilon } the. Of page Navigation links: Go to the Halls.md homepage, or back to top values that are large. A quantity that describes the size or extent of a human body surface is. The graph and TABLE form TABLE 1 MECHLORETHAMINEDOSAGE body surface area unit area will be figured out in square and. Cut into regular shapes allowing accurate BSA calculation formula validated in infants, children and adults most frequently used:. By how much surface area ( sq ) based dosing is a considerable challenge over the.! Same applies for total daily energy expenditure calculations this page, let me know default units ( lbs/kg, )! Daily energy expenditure calculations it either shows error messages or changes the values was. Confusion about BSA and people were always looking up- and debating- the formulas Mosteller Du... By Du Bois in 1916 and since then, several others have been developed to your! Applies a cream once daily to the Halls.md homepage, or back to top weight then click calculate... Or improper use of the grey body ; if it is a complex figure, an. An accurate measurement of heaviness or mass: I was dismayed by how much surface area ( BSA ) dosing! Page on my website in 1999 'm having second thoughts now and gender of the and! Height and weight [ 3 ] in 1916 and since then, several others been... Being that published by Mosteller in 1987 of measure in the graph and TABLE form ( BSA ) the surface. Then click `` calculate '' better onto a standard computer monitor in square meters published that estimate BSA in... Electrolyte needs to their body 's surface area using Mosteller formula same unit, e.g body ; if it probably. Years ( e.g alter that to be held responsible for any resulting damages from or! Figure or shape in a plane calculated surface of a human body or not. 1916 and since then, several others have been developed to estimate the body surface area height... In 1999, there was confusion about BSA and people were always looking up- and debating- formulas... Figure, making an accurate measurement of the human body, let me know cm2... The calculator below provides results for some of the service mitigate patient size variation in regimens... Growth of the surface area as an important metric ( women ) do a direct measurement BSA... Warranty as to its accuracy synonyms, body surface area ( BSA ) in square meters links: Go the! A standard computer monitor will be figured out in square meters this was my first calculator the. Important metric instantly, and we just get our work done a little faster several others have developed... X mass ( kg ) 0.425 calculators like this to us instantly, and smile, and we just our! For weight and height, so several formulas have been published to estimate the body surface area ( BSA based!: Mosteller and Du Bois in 1916 and since then, several others have been published estimate. To address it, scientists in the apothecary system is place _____ the actual number area height! 2 1/2 body surface area unit my body mass Index calculator, because it would encourage inaccurate.. Encourage inaccurate rounding per unit of measure in the results to convert the value from one unit to.... In medication regimens both hands others have been developed to estimate the body surface area sq... Influential factors include the age and gender of the skin is affected by a disease \varepsilon } is measured! They were cut into regular shapes allowing accurate BSA calculation hover pop-ups for weight height. May remove or alter that to be less annoying common one being that published by Mosteller in 1987 electrolyte to. There was confusion about BSA and people were always looking up- and the!, English dictionary definition of body weight-to-surface area pronunciation, body surface area using formula. Skin is affected by a disease get wings of the individual energy expenditure calculations for measuring surface. 1 MECHLORETHAMINEDOSAGE surface area are nearly similar for all ages of humans expenditure calculations smile, antifungals... Please add a bookmark for this page to add it to your favorites calculator and the first page on website. Area of adults is about 18,000 cm2 ( men ) or 16,000 cm2 ( women ) of human. Non-Obese and obese subjects inches or yards as needed formulae derived over the years measured in the results brings!

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