ThoughtCo. Hence this expression isn't quantized. A mass noun is a noun that does not have a plural form. Find more ways to say mass, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. b (1) : expanse, bulk. Conversely, "fire" is frequently used as a mass noun, but "a fire" refers to a discrete entity. Mass nouns, sometimes called non-count or uncountable nouns, are thought of as a quantity rather than as individual units of a thing. Another answer is that the grammatical distinction between count and mass nouns is to a very large degree conceptually based. X X Non-count nouns are distinguished from count nouns..  In 2008, Tesco changed supermarket checkout signs reading "Ten items or less" after complaints that it was bad grammar; at the suggestion of the Plain English Campaign it switched to "Up to ten items" rather than to "Ten items or fewer".. Find more ways to say mass, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. ; Usage. Need to translate "mass noun" to French? Define mass noun. 10, D. Nicolas (2008) Mass nouns and plural logic. (type / kind reading). (Incorrect even if just one fork is on the table). For example, a loaf of bread and a slice of bread are partitive expressions with different meanings. [ Ask the hays to find it!". Things and Stuff: Mass Terms and Generics (New Directions in Cognitive Science), Oxford University Press, 2010. ( ) If, instead, we had chosen to characterize count nouns as quantized nouns, and mass nouns as non-quantized ones, then we would (incorrectly) be led to expect committee to be a mass noun. Hence cutlery does not have quantized reference. ", "English nouns denoting things that cannot be counted, such as wine, coffee, and intelligence, do not easily form plurals in their central senses. mass-market adjective. ) [ … Others can be used with both types (e.g., a lot of, some). These can be tangible objects (such as substances or collective categories of things), or intangible or abstract things, such as concepts or ideas. ∃  One may say that mass nouns that are used as count nouns are "countified" and that count ones that are used as mass nouns are "massified". Definition of mass noun written for English Language Learners from the Merriam-Webster Learner's Dictionary with audio pronunciations, usage examples, and count/noncount noun labels. more dictionary definitions. y Some words, including "mathematics" and "physics", have developed true mass-noun senses despite having grown from count-noun roots. How to pronounce, definition by Wiktionary dictionary. An uncountable noun (also known as a mass noun) is one that cannot be counted. Grammatical number and physical discreteness, Conflation of collective noun and mass noun, Krifka, Manfred 1989. ¬ In terms of the mass/count distinction, committee behaves like a count noun. U Conversely many countable nouns can also be used as mass nouns. Noun definition, any member of a class of words that can function as the main or only elements of subjects of verbs (A dog just barked), or of objects of verbs or prepositions (to send money from home), and that in English can take plural forms and possessive endings (Three of his buddies want to borrow John's laptop). coronal mass ejection noun. It's difficult to see mass noun in a sentence . Software enables people to use computers to edit documents and images, organize data, file taxes, and perform many other tasks. This noun needs an inflection-table template. ⊕ mass (genitive massu, partitive massu) tax, payment; Inflection Find definitions for: mass' noun" Pronunciation: a noun, as water, electricity, or happiness, that typically refers to an indefinitely divisible substance or an abstract notion, and that in English cannot be used, in such a sense, with the indefinite article or in the plural. Keith Allan. Classified under: Nouns denoting communicative processes and contents. Hurford, James R. "Grammar: A Student's Guide." ( 2. countable noun In some descriptions of grammar, a mass noun is the same as an uncount noun. There is, however, a distinction in meaning. Correct: Spanish cutlery is my favorite. Can "paint" be countable when used in the sense of "color" or "pigment"? In English, mass nouns, such as information and money, may have no plural form (for example, *informations is invalid in most varieties of English), and they are not used with the indefinite article or numbers in almost all of their senses. 'How would you find a needle in a haystack?'. There is, however, a distinction in meaning. This name can help you better visualize this idea. How to use noun in a sentence. Mass noun definition, a noun, as sunshine,electricity, or happiness, that typically refers to an indefinitely divisible substance or an abstract notion, and that in English cannot be used, in such a sense, with the indefinite article or in the plural. 2. The stone, which can be used for both mass and count nouns, is ambiguous: we may be thinking of either material or an item. For example, bread is used as a mass noun in the shop sells several different breads. An example of mass noun is motherhood. Many abstract nouns are uncountable, but not all uncountable nouns are abstract. mass nouns). mass noun (mass nouns plural) 1 n-count A mass noun is a noun such as `wine' which is usually uncount but is used with `a' or `an' or used in the plural when it refers to types of that substance, as in `a range of Australian wines'. They do not usually have an indefinite article in front. A mass noun is a noun such as ' wine ' which is usually uncount but is used with 'a' or 'an' or used in the plural when it refers to types of that substance, as in 'a range of Australian wines'. Mass Noun meaning and example sentences with mass noun. An expression P has quantized reference if and only if, for any X: This can be seen to hold in the case of the noun house: no proper part of a house, for example the bathroom, or the entrance door, is itself a house. Other patterns of mass-to- count shift might be called coercion by agent or institution as in authority/an authority, government/a government. A slice of bread is what we call a smaller unit of bread after it has been cut from a loaf. That is when speakers use count nouns to refer to things they implicitly have something in mind that they are trying to communicate that is common across all uses of count nouns. Etymology 2 (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Some nouns can be used indifferently as mass or count nouns, e.g., three cabbages or three heads of cabbage; three ropes or three lengths of rope. Hypernyms ("mass noun" is a kind of...): noun (a content word that can be used to refer to a person, place, thing, quality, or action)  Nouns differ in the extent to which they can be used flexibly, depending largely on their meanings and the context of use. , Consider, for example cutlery: If one collection of cutlery is combined with another, we still have "cutlery." It's cute. ] X The work of logicians like Godehard Link and Manfred Krifka established that the mass/count distinction can be given a precise, mathematical definition in terms of quantization and cumulativity. Synonyms: material noun, non-count noun, uncountable noun Antonyms: countable noun, count noun Usage notes . x In English, mass nouns, such as information and money, have no plural form (*informations and *moneys is invalid) and are not used with the indefinite article or numbers in almost all of their senses. Generally, collective nouns are not mass nouns, but rather are a special subset of count nouns. Noun . relative atomic mass noun. For eg, books, two dogs, three flowers, girls in the classroom etc. M Finally, she looks up and says gravely, 'I would ask the hays to find it.' You don’t know. ‘For example, Mandarin's usage of mass nouns predisposes its discourse to take a more holistic approach to the world than say, English, which demarcates objects more readily.’ ‘And I also wonder what happens when you have a noun that doesn't need a determiner at all, for example mass nouns such as water, or plural nouns.’ The Macmillan Dictionary seems to confirm my guess, suggesting that "paint" is only a count noun in the meaning a set of small blocks or tubes containing paint of different colors that you use for making pictures. Understanding the Types of Nouns in English Grammar, A List of 130 Mass Nouns (Or Noncount Nouns) in English, Overview of Noncount Nouns in English Grammar. (e.g., "I'm cooking chicken tonight" or "This coat is made of fox.") Examples include divisible count nouns like "rope", "string", "stone", "tile", etc.. Nouns that cannot be divided or counted as individual elements or separate parts are called uncountable nouns . china, happiness. See more. , For each pair, the relationship between mass and count noun is lexically specified and may be partially predictable from the meaning of the mass noun. U mass noun: Meaning and Definition of. p mass media noun. an uncountable noun (= a noun that cannot be made plural or used with a or an, for example water, bread and information); a noun that is usually uncountable but can be made plural or used with a or an when you are talking about different types of something. The related sentence join veden, "I drank (the) water", using the accusative case instead, assumes that there was a specific countable portion of water that was completely drunk. Noun. X Nordquist, Richard. a substance or quality), in English usually a noun which lacks a plural in ordinary usage and is not used with the indefinite article, e.g. Nouns and Countability. mass noun (plural mass nouns) . With stone or some stone, the mass-noun uses, noun phrase refers to the material; with stones, the count-noun use, the noun phrase refers to individual items. Wisniewski, Edward J. Given that different languages have different grammatical features, the actual test for which nouns are mass nouns may vary between languages.
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